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Prostate Cancer Treatment - Causes | Symptoms | Best Treatment
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Prostate Cancer Treatment

Table of Contents

Prostate Cancer Treatment.

Prostate cancer that mostly occurs in men above 50 years of age is characterized by its slow growth. Prostate a small, walnut-shaped gland that produces the seminal fluid which transports the sperms is thus an important organ of the male reproductive system.


Some commonly known causes that makes an individual more susceptible to prostate cancer.

  • Age is above 50 or 65 years of age.
  • Black men have a high rate of susceptibility.
  • Hereditary, yes, genes can pass down prostate cancer.
  • Obesity.
  • Smoking and unhealthy, unnatural lifestyle.
  • Unhealthy diet lacking in fruits, vegetables.
  • Overdose of calcium intake.
  • Previous occurrence of prostate cancer.

When to approach your doctor?

  • Frequent and painful urination.
  • Reduction in the stream of urine.
  • Irregularities during sexual intercourse and ejaculation.
  • Occurrence of blood in the urine or semen.
  • Aching, discomfort, stiffness in the lower back, pelvis region, etc.
  • Swelling/ inflammation of legs.
  • Aching bones.
  • Advance Prostate Cancer:
  • Extreme fatigue and constant weakness.
  • Sudden weight loss.
  • Broken bones, increased back pain.
  • Kidney failure.
  • Urinary incontinence.
  • Total erectile dysfunction.

Diagnosis Tests:

  • (PSA) Prostate specific antigen test
  • Biopsy.
  • DRE test.
  • Trans-rectal Ultrasound Scan (TRUS)
  • Advance prostate cancer:
  • Isotope bone scan
  • X-ray
  • MRI scan
  • CT scan

Stages & Treatments for Prostate Cancer:

Early Stage: Cancer cells limited to lining testicles.

Low Grade: Cancer cells grown beyond the testicles (metasized).


  • Watchful waiting- For older men.
  • Surgery or removal of the prostate gland- for younger men.
  • Radio therapy- For men with symptoms.
  • Hormonal therapy- Post hormonal therapy.
  • External beam radiotherapy.
  • Brachytherapy.
  • Cryotherapy.
  • High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU).


Moderate-High Grade: Cancer cells begin to spread from the lining to the muscular walls of the bladder.

Radiotherapy using an external machine/ directly into the prostate gland (Brachy therapy)

Failure of Radiotherapy:


Locally Advanced : Cancer cells advanced to nearby blood stream and blood cells.


  • Radiotherapy.
  • Hormonal therapy.
  • Watchful waiting.
  • Surgery.
  • Combination treatment.


Advanced: Cancer in this stage may or may not have spread to other parts of the body like
Hormonal therapy.


  • Chemotherapy.
  • Radiotherapy.
  • Controlling symptoms.
  • Trans urethral resection of the prostate to facilitate smooth passage of urine. (TURP)
  • Surgery – not recommended.


Treatment for prostate cancer spread to other parts of body:

  • Incurable.
  • Can be treated treatment to control the cancer and symptoms.


Recurrent cancer:
Sometimes even after curative treatment cancers do reoccur in the kidney or any other part of the body.


  • Radical prostatectomy.
  • Bilateral Orchidectomy.

At all above stages, treatments are finalized taking into consideration the overall health, severity, age and other ailments of the patient.


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