A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a name given to several bacterial infections or any obstruction/ blockage that can affect any part of the female urinary system i.e. the urethra, ureter, bladder, kidneys. UIT’s occurs in women more than men. 50% of the women are susceptible to UTI atleast once in a lifetime. UTI’s in the bladder are easily curable. If left unattended, the infection rises upto the kidneys and can develop severe symptoms and even kidney damage.
Causes of Urinary tract infection.
- Infection of Staphylococcus Saprophyticus, Escherichia Coli.
- Lack of personal Hygiene.
- Birth control pills.
- Mutiple sexual partners.
- Frequent/intense intercourse.
- Irritation caused due to spermicide, diaphragms and contraceptives.
- Irritable cosmetics like cleansers, genital, vaginal creams.
- Over dosage of antibiotics.
- Tumor/ masses of cancerous or other cells in the urinary tract.
- Previous history of UTI.
- Urinary incontinence.
- Insufficient fluid intake.
- Frequent baths.
- Suppressing paasage of urine for too long.
- Weak immune system.
- Kidney stones,.
- Diabetes- High blood sugar spilled in the urine.
- Pregnancy- Hormonal changes.
- Low estrogen hormone levels during menopause.
- Prolonged hospital stay/ use of cathereter.
- Structural problem by birth.
When to approach your doctor?:
- There can be absolutely no symptoms.
- Painful/ Burning Urinattion
- Strong odour of the urine.
- Blood/ pus in the urine.
- Cloudy urine.
- Frequent and urgent urination.
- Cramps in the lower abdomen.
- Pain during sexual intercourse.
- UTI in Babies:
- Fever without reason.
- Loss of appetite.
- Odour of urine.
- Behaviour changed to fussiness.
- UTI in elderly women:
- Behavioural changes.
- Delirium/ agitation.
- UTI infected kidneys:
- Fever/ Chills.
- Nausea/ Vomiting.
- Lower back acheon either side.
Types Urinary Tract Infection:
- Occurs in different body parts of the urinary system (urethra, ureter, bladder, kidneys).
- Cystisis: Lower urinary tract infection.
- Pyelonephritis: Upper urinary tract infection treatment specially in the kidneys.
- Recurrent UTI:
- UTI’s often reoccur in 30% – 40% of cases within 6 months after treatment.
- Initial treatment of antibiotics has only suppressed the bacteria but it is not the right long term cure.
- UTI due to a different type of bacteria.
Urinary Tract Infection Diagnosis:
- Analysis of Urine sample.
- Urine culture.
- CT- scan (computerized tomography).
Urinary Tract Infection Treatments:
- Oral antibiotics: Infection of the lower urinary tract.
- Intravenous antibiotics: Infection of the upper urinary tract.
- Prevention & Pre-Caution Is Better Than Cure:
- Water intake- 6 to 8 glasses per day.
- Water intake during sex.
- Not suppressing the urge to urinate for a long time.
- Genital Hygiene (vaginal, rectal).
- Genital wiping movement- front to back.
- Comfortable preferably cotton fabric underwear.
- Avoid tight clothes.
- No tub baths. Shift to showers instead.
All above, treatments are finalized taking into consideration the overall health, severity, age and other ailments of the patient.